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Place to Visit


Dome of the Rock Every visitor to Palestine must visit the old city of Jerusalem. Each carries with them their own baggage of preconceived ideas, religious or political. And yet each will be surprised by what they find. For all its fame, Jerusalem is a small town, with many faces and weighed down with history. But it also offers an enormous amount to see, whether your client is interested in ancient history, religion or contemporary politics. Within the city, the third holiest site for Muslims - The Haram al-Sharif from where Mohammed rose to heaven will be found; the holy Christian sites of the youth of Jesus, his crucifixion, burial and resurrection and the holiest Jewish site, The Western Wall.

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre • Church of Gethsemane
The Church of All Nations • Dome of the Rock (al-Haram al-Sharif) 
• The Distant Mosque (Al-Aqsa) • Western Wall
• The Garden Tomb • Via Doloros
• The Citadel (Tower Of David) • Mount of Olives
• Tomb of Virgin Mary • Bethany
• The Kidron Valley  
Gates and Walls of the Old City • Damascus Gate (Bab al-Amud)
• Jaffa Gate (Bab al-Khalil) • Zion Gate
• Dung Gate (Bab Harat al-Magharbeh) • New Gate ( Bab al-Jadid)
• Lions Gate (St. Stephen's Gate) • Golden Gate

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre

Church of Gethsemane
Preserving the most holy moments of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ, this church is the world's holiest shrine to Christians. Situated in the Old City's Christian Quarter, the church was first built in the fourth century by Constantine's Mother Helena over the site of a Roman Pagan temple.

The Present structure is Crusader (12 century) and contains the last five Stations of the Cross. It also contains the Chapel of Golgotha where Jesus was crucified, the Sepulchre itself where Jesus was buried and from which he rose, and the Chapel of Mary Magdalene where the risen Christ first revealed himself.

• Church of Gethsemane

Church of Gethsemane

Located on the Mt. of Olives, the Church of the Gethsemane was originally built by the Byzantines in 379 over the place made holy by Jesus' prayer and agony. The present church, considered one of the most beautiful in Jerusalem, was built in 1919-1924. It was called the Church of all Nations considering that sixteen nations contributed to its construction.

The Garden of Gethsemane lies at the foot of the Mt. of Olives. Today it appears as it did 20 centuries ago and within it are some of the world's oldest olive trees. The garden was a spot favored by Jesus and it was here that He often came for His retreats and prayer. It was also here that, on His last night, Jesus spent the most sorrowful hour of His passion

• The Church of All Nations

The Church of All Nations (also known as the Basilica of Agony) is so named because its construction in 1924 was financed by twelve different countries. The church is built over 2 others, the Egenia dating from around 380, and a crusader basilica of around 1170. The Church is also notable for its Byzantine mosaic floor and the striking mosaic arches above the entrance.

• Dome of the Rock (al-Haram al-Sharif)

Situated in the Old City's Muslim Quarter, this mosque is the third holiest shrine to Muslims after the Kaaba in Mecca and the Tomb of the Prophet in Medina, Saudi Arabia.It marks the spot where the Prophet Mohammed travelled from Mecca to Jerusalem on a journey the Koran describes as the furthest. It is also the oldest and most exquisite Muslim shrine in the world. Built at the end of the seventh century by the Ummayad Caliph Abdulmalik ben Marwan, the mosque has a rectangular octagon exterior and a spectacular gold- covered dome. The Dome of the Rock, with its colonnades and gardens, stretches over one-fifth of the Old City, occupying a vast area of 140,900-sq. m.

• The Distant Mosque (Al-Aqsa)

Located next to the Dome of the Rock, this silver-domed mosque is part of the third holiest shrine to Muslims. Originally built between 709-715 AD by Caliph Waleed Ben Abdul Malik, al-Aqsa was reconstructed at least six times and very little of the original mosque remains in the present structure.

• Western Wall  

The Western Wall ( called in Islamic tradition Hait el-Buraq) or the Wailing Wall, because Jews come here to bemoan the destruction of their Temple. The area in front of the Maqarebah quarter was demolished in 1967 and turned into a Synagogue.

• The Garden Tomb

Located north of the Old City's Damascus Gate, the simplicity, beauty, and peaceful atmosphere of the Garden Tomb makes it a favorite spot for prayer and meditation. Some Christians find worshipping near the rock-hewn tomb helpful in reliving the crucifixion and resurrection experience. The Garden Tomb gives a clear picture of what the place of Crucifixion and burial must have looked like at the time of Jesus.

• Via Dolorosa

This is the traditional route of the path that Jesus followed carrying the cross from Antonia fortress, where he was condemned to death, to Calvary, where he was crucified. The event is commemorated at fourteen stations: two are located at Antonia, seven are located in the streets, and the last five are inside the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.

• The Citadel (Tower Of David)

The Tower of David is actually the minaret of a mosque built in the Ottoman period encompassing a couple of Towers, Walls, Ramps and Gardens by the Jaffa Gate entrance. The site is worth taking time to explore. It is said that Herod built the tower and there are still the remains of three towers since that time. The Mamluk rebuilt it in the 14th century, where King Bin-Qalawoon added a mosque in 1310 and fortified it. Another minaret was added to the mosque in 1531 by Sultan Suleiman the magnificent. Now the Citadel has been changed into a museum.

• Mount of Olives

The Mt. of Olives is located east of Jerusalem, across the Kidron Valley. It offers a magnificent view of the Old City and a striking panorama as far as the Dead Sea and the mountains of Moab in the East. The Mt. of Olives is associated with some of the most important events in Jesus' life. Here, Jesus ascended to Heaven (Chapel of Ascension), foretold the destruction Jerusalem, taught his disciples the Lord's prayer (Pater Noster), and wept over Jerusalem on his way to the Holy City on Palm Sunday (Church of Dominus Flevit). The Russian Orthodox Church of St. Mary Magdalene, with its striking onion-shaped spires is also located on the Mt. of Olives.

• Tomb of Virgin Mary

According to tradition, the Virgin Mary, who died in Jerusalem, was buried in the Kidron Valley. The present church was built by the Crusaders over the ruins of a Byzantine basilica. The site marks the traditional place of Virgin Mary's tomb and her Assumption.

• Bethany

Located 2 miles east of Jerusalem on the eastern slope of the Mount of Olives, Bethany was the home of Lazarus and his two sisters, Mary and Martha, whom Jesus loved. The village has carried the name Lazarus since the fourth century and it is where Jesus performed the great miracle of raising Lazarus from the dead.

• The Kidron Valley

The Kidron Valley separates the Mt. of Olives from the City of Jerusalem. Jesus crossed the valley many times, including on the evening of Holy Thursday when he went with his disciples to Gethsemane. The ancient tombs of Absalom, Jehoshaphat, St. James, and St. Zacharias are located in the Kidron Valley. According to local tradition, the Kidron will be the site of the Last Judgement. This belief lead to the creation of cemeteries in the Kidron Valley for Christians, Muslims and Jews alike.

Gates and Walls of the Old City

The magnificent walls of Jerusalem’s Old City constitute a living example of Arab Islamic architecture. The walls surrounding the old city were built by the Ottoman under the direct supervision of Sultan Suleiman Al Qanouni in 1542. The walls stretch for twelve miles over an area with a diameter of two miles and rise to a height of 40 feet. They contain 43 surveillance towers and 11 gates, seven of which are presently open.

• Damascus Gate (Bab al-Amud)

This is the largest, most elaborate and most heavily defended of the Old City’s seven gates. It is also the only one to have been excavated.

• Jaffa Gate (Bab al-Khalil)  

Jaffa Gate is the main western entrance to the Old City. Bab al-Khalil is very much a tourist gate. The shops around the gate are purely for tourists. On the right just inside the gate, is one of the city’s best known sites, the Citadel or Tower of David.

• Zion Gate

This connects the Armenian Quarter with Mt. Zion, which lies outside the walls and serves as a border between it and the Jewish Quarter.

• Dung Gate (Bab Harat al-Magharbeh)

It is the only city gate that leads to the Jewish Quarter as well as al-Haram al-Sharif. On the right just inside the gate, the Ophel Archaeological Gardens capture the whole of Jerusalem’s turbulent history in a confined area.

• New Gate (Bab al-Jadid)

Bab al-Jadid lies at the northwest corner of the old city. It was constructed to create access between the Christian Quarter within the city walls and the new Christian properties outside them. 

• Lions Gate (St. Stephen’s Gate)

Lion's Gate marks the beginning of the Via Dolorosa and is on the eastern side of the old city.

• Golden Gate

This gate has been sealed since the 1600’s and legend has it that the Messiah will pass through this gate.

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