The city of Qalqilia is situated on the longitude
and latitude of ( 17750/ 14690). It is about 65 meters above
sea. The city has a distinguished geographical site for being
located in the Palestinian coastal plain. The East side of
this plain reaches the oldest heights of Nablus.
Forming a Natural separation point between
the plain from the West and the mountain from the East.
In the ancient times it was a Passway for
trade caravans and military raids.
It was a transportation net for many roads joining many Palestinian
Cities as Tulkarem, Haifa, Jaffa, Lid, Ramla, Al Majdal and
Gaza in the southern West, and Nablus, Jerusalem, and Hebron
from the east.
Qalqila was originated on a flat plain part
of the Palestinian coastal plain adjoined to the old heights
from the east., and some valleys from the north and south.
These villages sometimes overflood in winter. It was and still
is an important site hat served the agricultural and trade
purposes. Some sources point out that its oldest location
is about five kilometers far from the north of Ras al Ein,
today it is one of the nearest villages to Qalqilia.
Other sources point out that its oldest location
lies in the villag of Habla near Qalqilia. These assumptions
are far from being true, for I think Qalqilia was near the
old Omari Mosque in the old city. News ands tales pointed
out that it was a small village surrounding its buildings
and old well. It was a route for Caravans visited by the shepherds
and their cattle. A few number of people worked in agriculture
or were farmers and raised cattle. Their buildings centered
round the old mosque.