1517 AD : The
Ottoman Turks of Asia Minor defeated the Mamelukes, with few
interruptions, ruled Palestine until the winter of 1917-18.
The country was divided into several districts (sanjaks),
such as that of Jerusalem. The administration of the districts
was placed largely in the hands of Arab Palestinians, who
were descendants of the Canaanites. The Christian and Jewish
communities, however, were allowed a large measure of autonomy.
Palestine shared in the glory of the Ottoman Empire during
the 16th century, but declined again when the empire began
to decline in the 17th century.
1831-1840 AD :
Muhammad Ali, the modernizing viceroy of Egypt, expanded his
rule to Palestine . His policies modified the feudal order,
increased agriculture, and improved education.
1840 The Ottoman
Empire reasserted its authority, instituting its own reforms
1845 Jewish in
Palestine were 12,000 increased to 85,000 by 1914. All people
in Palestine were Arabic Muslims and Christians.
1897 the first
Zionist Congress held Basle, Switzerland, issued the Basle
programme on the colonization of Palestine.